Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever in Afghanistan: Rise in cases in 2017

Afghanistan medical officials have reported a rise in Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) cases in 2017, based on a global Health Organization (WHO) Weekly Epidemiological Monitor a week ago.

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In 2017, as many as 237 installments of CCHF including 41 deaths (CFR: 17.2%) happen to be reported throughout 27 provinces. Most of these cases-71 cases (nearly 30 %) including 13 connected deaths (CFR: 18.3%), were reported in the capital, Kabul.

Most of CCHF cases and deaths in Afghanistan were recorded from June to September at about the time of Eid Al-Adha (sacrifice feast in Islam).

The rise in the slaughtering of creatures in those times may have considerably elevated the chance of CCHF virus transmission. This trend is in conjuction with the last outbreaks in the united states.

Based on the WHO, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever is really a prevalent disease the result of a tick-borne virus (Nairovirus) of the Bunyaviridae family. The CCHF virus causes severe viral hemorrhagic fever outbreaks, having a situation fatality rate of 10–40%.

CCHF is endemic in Africa, the Balkans, the center East and Parts of asia south from the 50th parallel north – the geographical limit from the principal tick vector. The hosts from the CCHF virus include an array of wild and domestic creatures for example cattle, sheep and goats.

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Creatures become infected through the bite of infected ticks and also the virus remains within their blood stream for around 1 week after infection, allowing the tick-animal-tick cycle to carry on when another tick bites. Although numerous tick genera can handle becoming have contracted CCHF virus, ticks from the genus Hyalomma are the main vector.

The CCHF virus is transmitted to individuals either by tick bites or through connection with infected animal bloodstream or tissues during and soon after slaughter. Nearly all cases have happened in people active in the animals industry, for example farming workers, slaughterhouse workers and veterinarians. Human-to-human transmission can be done.

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