Japanese encephalitis: Eight cases confirmed in Nueva Vizcaya

Medical officials in Nueva Vizcaya, in Cagayan Valley region in Luzon, are reporting eight confirmed installments of the mosquitoborne disease, Japanese encephalitis (JE), based on a Manila Occasions report.

Image/Philippines DOHImage/Philippines DOH

The instances, confirmed by the Research Institute for Tropical Medicine (RITM) in Muntinlupa, were reported from four municipalities within the province.

Based on Dr. Florejean Albano with the Provincial Integrated Health Office, the instances happened during May to August this season.

Related: Japanese encephalitis: Philippine pediatricians release position paper

JE is an essential reason for viral encephalitis in Asia. About 68,000 clinical cases are reported yearly. It always happens in rural or farming areas, frequently connected with grain farming. JE is endemic within the Philippines.

JE virus is transmitted to humans with the bite of infected Culex species nasty flying bugs, particularly Culex tritaeniorhynchus.

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Most JE virus infections are mild (fever and headache) or without apparent signs and symptoms, but roughly one in 250 infections leads to severe disease characterised by rapid start of high fever, headache, neck stiffness, disorientation, coma, seizures, spastic paralysis and dying. The situation-fatality rate is often as high as 30% among individuals with disease signs and symptoms.

There’s a safety vaccine against Japanese encephalitis virus.

LISTEN: Japanese encephalitis, the Philippines and the necessity to place the vaccine around the national schedule

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