England measles outbreaks associated with ongoing large outbreaks in Europe: PHE

Inside a follow-on the measles outbreaks reported within the metropolitan areas of Leeds, Liverpool and Birmingham, Public Health England (PHE) reports the outbreaks are linked to go to other parts of Europe and advise the general public to make sure vaccinations are current just before traveling this Christmas season.

Image/TheAndrasBarta via pixabayImage/TheAndrasBarta via pixabay

By 29 November 2017, there have been 16 confirmed cases in Leeds, 11 confirmed cases in Liverpool and 9 confirmed cases in Birmingham. All the cases happen to be reported in adults and children who’ve not received 2 doses of the Romania and Italia, where you can find presently large outbreaks of measles, are in particularly high-risk.

Anybody planning to go to Europe within the Christmas period should check NaTHNaC travel health advice.

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Sheep show a flair for recognizing faces

Though their political leanings really are a little fuzzy, eight sheep in the College of Cambridge in England are now able to recognize Barack Obama’s face.

A group of Cantabrigian researchers trained eight female Welsh mountain sheep to acknowledge faces of 4 celebrities to find out how sheep compare well to apes and humans within the task.

Sheep learned to decide on the faces of Obama, BBC newscaster Fiona Bruce, and actors Emma Watson and Mike Gyllenhaal.

The creatures were subjected to three training scenarios. In every step these were given two options: a photograph from the celebrity facing forward, or perhaps a photo of something or another person. Then they had just a few seconds to approach the celebrity image and trigger an infrared sensor that, when they chose properly, would come out a goody. Typically sheep find the celebrity face 8 from 10 occasions.

Anybody doubting their sheer ability is getting the made of woll stopped their eyes. “Sheep can handle sophisticated decision-making,” neurobiologist and focus author Jenny Morton told the Washington Publish.

To exhibit they are not only celebrity-worshipping sheeple, the flock seemed to be given the job of selecting from a picture of the handler as well as an unfamiliar face, plus they readily recognized their handlers. Having the ability to recognize a couple-D photo of somebody they see in tangible existence shows the power for “complex image processing,” stated the authors from the study, that was printed in Royal Society Open Science this month.

In her own research on Huntington’s disease, Morton uses sheep like a stand-set for humans partly due to their large brains and humanlike anatomy.

Those who have Huntington’s find it difficult to recognize facial feelings.

“Although I did not think sheep could recognize emotion, it helped me consider face recognition like a complex brain process,” Morton stated.

Related content

England: Measles outbreak reported in Leeds and Liverpool


There’s a measles outbreak reported in Leeds and Liverpool, based on the NHS yesterday. When they offer no specifics on cases and locations on their own social networking posts, NHS advises individuals to ensure they as well as their youngsters are vaccinated.


Measles is really a highly infectious viral illness that may be very uncomfortable and often result in serious complications. The measles virus is within the countless small tiny droplets that emerge from the mouth and nose when an infected person coughs or sneezes.

The initial symptoms of measles develop around ten days after you’re infected.

These may include:

  • cold-like signs and symptoms, like a runny nose, sneezing, along with a cough
  • sore, red eyes that might be responsive to light
  • a higher temperature (fever), which might achieve around 40C (104F)
  • small greyish-white-colored spots within the cheekbones

A few days later, a red-brown blotchy rash can look. This often starts on the head or upper neck, before distributing outwards to all of those other body.

Measles could be uncomfortable, and can usually pass in about about a week without causing any more problems.

Once you’ve had measles, the body accumulates resistance (immunity) towards the virus and it is highly unlikely you’ll have it again.

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However, measles can result in serious and potentially existence-threatening complications in certain people. Included in this are infections from the lungs (pneumonia) and brain (encephalitis).


Why the healthcare sector is prescribing climate action.

Doctors from Europe’s leading hospitals are at COP23 to determine their part in tackling climate change. It’s time to frame climate change as a public health issue, says UK health policy expert David Pencheon.

Health professionals need to be on the front line when it comes to dealing with the health effects of climate change. Extreme weather events such as hurricanes, storms, heat waves, flooding, drought, cold spells, and air pollution collectively cause millions of deaths worldwide each year. There is no doubt that climate change exacerbates these weather patterns and threatens longer-term climate stability.

But it is not just these extreme weather events that threaten health: Air pollution is also very closely linked to climate change. The Lancet recently estimated that diseases caused by pollution lead to 9 million premature deaths annually. That’s more than AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria combined and a stark warning that we cannot ignore.

As health professionals, we hold a privileged position in society as trusted truth brokers, and we are extremely well placed to highlight the link between climate change and health.

Effective communication from health professionals has been instrumental in tackling many public health problems in the past, most notably tobacco, HIV/AIDS, and cardiovascular disease. To date, however, little work has been done to frame climate change as a public health issue and mobilize health professionals to tackle this global problem on a local level. It is both an opportunity and the responsibility of health professionals to take a leadership role in communicating the health effects of climate change.

Health care also causes pollution

We must also not forget that the health care sector itself is also a major emitter of greenhouse gases. In the process of treating patients and healing communities, hospitals and health systems consume huge amounts of energy and resources on every continent, contributing to climate change and air pollution.

David Pencheon - Direktor für National Sustainable Development Unit for Health and Social Care in England (Privat)

In the US alone, health care is responsible for an estimated 8 percent of greenhouse gas emissions.

In the UK, although there is a long way to go, we have already taken significant steps to reduce the carbon footprint of health care. The UK health system – with the help of the National Sustainable Development Unit for Health and Social Care – has already achieved an 11 percent reduction in emissions from 2007 to 2015. We are proving that change is possible, and that making these changes not only benefits environmental and human health, it also comes with significant cost savings.

The UK health sector is now moving towards an integrated approach of addressing carbon emissions as a cornerstone of the wider challenges of sustainable development and social value, with health services as anchor organizations in their local communities.

We are very supportive of the global movement Health Care Without Harm and its “Health Care Call to Action on Climate Change.” It calls on healthcare to address its own climate impacts, and to prepare for expected serious climate-change induced extreme weather impacts.

The Call has already been signed by over 100 institutions from 29 countries, representing the interests of nearly 10,000 hospitals and health centers around the world, and is a powerful message from the sector about the need for action and leadership from all parts of the wider system.

The ambitious targets agreed upon at COP21 in Paris will require every sector to contribute if we are to have any chance of limiting global warming. As health professionals, we have an obligation to first, do no harm to both the health of our communities and the planet. The health care sector has the political and economic leverage, as well as the moral obligation to lead from the front when it comes to climate change. 

David Pencheon is the director of the NHS Sustainable Development Unit (England).

Legionnaires’ disease cases reported in British travelers to Spanish town

British medical officials are reporting an elevated number of Legionnaire’s disease cases in travelers to Palmanova, in Mallorca, Spain. In the past month, 17 British travelers have came back in the area using the infection.

Legionella bacteria Image/CDCLegionella bacteria

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We’re counseling those who have travelled or are intending to visit Palmanova in Mallorca to understand the twelve signs and signs and symptoms of Legionnaire’s disease, that are initially flu-like. Many of the important if you’re in a group at elevated chance of infection for example individuals with underlying health conditions, smokers or people aged 50 or higher.

Once infection starts within the lung area, signs and symptoms can become pneumonia-like, like a persistent cough. Should you choose experience signs and symptoms, confer with your GP as quickly as possible and tell them of the travel.


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If you are planning to go to Palmanova, Mallorca and therefore are at elevated chance of contracting Legionnaire’s disease (aged 50 or higher, have underlying health conditions (for example diabetes, kidney disease, or perhaps a pre-existing lung condition, have weakened natural defenses (for instance, people on certain kinds of cancer treatment) or who smoke and have smoked heavily previously and high alcohol drinkers), we propose that you consider the signs and symptoms from the infection. Speak to your GP or any other medical expert immediately if you feel you’ve been affected, letting them know regarding your recent travel, medical officials note.