Columbia: Citrobacter freundii associated with deaths of infants at Seoul hospital

A Seoul, S. Korea hospital is investigating the deaths of 4 infants within the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), based on the Korean Cdc (KCDC).


In mid-December, antibiotic resistant Citrobacter freundii was discovered in bloodstream cultures obtained from the 3 infants just before their deaths at the Ewha Womans College Mokdong Hospital, as well as their genetic sequence was discovered to be identical a few days later.

Not much later, KCDC announced the same bacteria was confirmed within the administered total parenteral diet (TPN) injections, that is provided to infants who find it difficult eating to supply necessary nutrients.

Five from 16 infants received the injections, leading to four deaths.

The injections were administered utilizing a central venous line, suggesting the chance that they were contaminated within their preparation.

“Combining the outcomes from the epidemiological analysis through the Korea Cdc and Prevention and individuals from the autopsies through the National Forensic Service, we’ve figured that the 4 newborns died of sepsis, brought on by contamination with Citrobacter freundii,” the Seoul Metropolitan Police Agency stated.

Law enforcement stated they’d book five medical employees on charges of involuntary wrongful death. The 2 nurses allegedly infringed around the duty of infection control while handling the injection of nutrient supplements. A chief nurse, a professional, as well as an attending physician apparently breached the job of guide and supervision of these two nurses.

Additionally, rotavirus was confirmed in ecological samples (incubator, blankets, etc.) in the NICU and samples from nine from the 12 infants. Eight from the nine infections had exactly the same genetic sequence (one pending). KCDC is carefully monitoring the health of the infants.


Citrobacter freundii bacteria cultivated on a blood agar plate (BAP). Image/CDCCitrobacter freundii bacteria cultivated on the bloodstream agar plate (BAP).

Measles: The ABCs of the very contagious viral disease

Within this podcast from the Outbreak News Now Radio Show interview from Jun. 2016, we check out the ABCs from the very contagious viral disease, measles.

I’m became a member of by rn, infection control specialist along with a freelance author, Erin Archer Kelser. Erin discusses the good reputation for measles within the U . s . States, symptomology, complications, the vaccine and far, a lot more.

Find out more at Germ Nurse

Related: How contagious is measles? Answer: Very

Related podcasts: 

Intro music: “Rapture” by Ross Bugden


Other news:

Joint Commission cracks lower on hands hygiene

The Joint Commission will issue a citation to healthcare organizations if during on-site visits surveyors witness an worker neglect to follow correct hands hygiene guidelines.

The modification, which entered effect Jan. 1, is supposed to improve healthcare workers’ compliance with proper hands washing. Poor hands hygiene of healthcare employees is recognized as a significant cause of hospital-acquired infections. About 722,000 hospital-acquired infections happened within the U.S. this year contributing to 75,000 people died with your contamination throughout their inpatient stay, based on the Cdc and Prevention.

The Joint Commission has thought about hands hygiene for accreditation since 2004. The accreditor requires healthcare organizations to possess a hands hygiene program and also to show steady improvement in compliance using the guidelines. A healthcare organization can use guidelines established by the CDC or even the World Health Organization.

Since hospitals and health systems happen to be needed to possess a hands hygiene program for more than ten years, Joint Commission leaders felt the time had come to increase the necessity to making certain organizations have correctly trained all employees to follow along with this program when they were young-to-day workflow, stated Mary Brockway, director of clinical research and standards in the Joint Commission.

“We felt this was a appropriate time how to make that change,” she stated.

A surveyor will issue essential for improvement if they witnesses a healthcare worker neglect to correctly wash their hands after or before engaging having a patient. Essential for improvement through the Joint Commission necessitates the organization to submit an agenda detailing the way they will resolve the problem. The commission follows track of the business to guarantee the correction plan continues to be implemented.

Brockway stated surveyors have sufficient chance to witness clinicians interact directly with patients throughout the accreditation survey, which occurs every 3 years. Surveyors follow several patients in their care journey so that they have been in units and may observe patient care first-hands.

Healthcare workers’ compliance with hands hygiene programs still remains challenging. The CDC estimates that typically healthcare providers wash their hands under 1 / 2 of the occasions they ought to.

A busy workday is probably the primary offender of low compliance figures, stated Dr. John Lynch, medical director from the infection control, antibiotic stewardship and worker health programs at Harborview Clinic in San antonio.

“Healthcare personnel are busy,” he stated. “Even just in the right world with great healthcare workers, hands hygiene will get missed.”

It’s also an activity that may easily get redundant. For nurses and technicians who’ve significant direct patient contact, they’re needed to clean their hands countless occasions each day.

Buy-in from key leadership can motivate more employees to conform with hands hygiene guidelines, Lynch stated. “We all know when the senior physician does not wash their hands, the resident is not going to get it done,” he stated.

Also it seems the Joint Commission change has become leaders’ attention. Chris Hermann, president and Chief executive officer of hands hygiene technology company Clean Hands Safe Hands, stated he’s been told by about 150 health systems within the last three days who’ve requested to understand much more about the brand new requirement.

The Joint Commission change will also support a business office where hands hygiene is freely newsworthy among employees, Lynch stated. “You will need to possess a culture where everybody plays a job — the individual washing the room can on-site visit the attending surgeon (because of not washing their hands), the man can on-site visit the specialist, and never react to it within an offensive way,” Lynch stated. “Within my own experience, people dwindle responsive to being known as out, and i believe the Joint Commission change reflects that.”

Advisory Board finalizes cope with UnitedHealth’s Optum

Shareholders and company executives finalized the Advisory Board Co.’s $2.58 billion cope with UnitedHealth Group along with a private equity finance firm which will split the talking to group’s healthcare business from the education arm, the businesses announced Friday.

UnitedHealth’s Optum health-services segment will require within the Advisory Board’s healthcare business to have an believed $1.3 billion, including its debt. The Advisory Board provides independent research, advisory services and knowledge analytics in excess of 4,400 healthcare organizations.

Private equity finance firm Vista Equity Partners Management will get the Advisory Board’s education business referred to as EAB, including our prime-performing Royall & Co. division, for $1.55 billion. EAB provides research and technology services in excess of 1,200 educational facilities and can operate like a stand-alone business.

Advisory Board shareholders will internet believed cash per share of $53.81, lower in the initial valuation of $54.29, with a fixed payment of $52.65 per share and also the amount in cash comparable to $1.16 in line with the per-share, after-tax worth of its equity stake in Evolent Health.

Optum has relationships over the healthcare spectrum that span greater than 300 payers and 115 million consumers, that will expand the combined organization’s research breadth, stated Advisory Board Chief executive officer Robert Musslewhite, who continuously lead the healthcare research and technology business.

“They convey a lot of data and analytics that strengthen everything are going to within our research, plus they bring some technologies we don’t dress in the talking to side that will permit us to build up much deeper relationships,” he stated. “The difficulties our people happen to be wrestling with transcend the acute-care market. This positions us to assist tackle the alterations happening in the market and just how they interplay along with other sectors from the broader system.”

The Advisory Board has already established trouble maintaining steady revenue growth around the healthcare side following a presidential election and subsequent uncertainty on the market, as some providers dialed back their purchases. However that political uncertainty has additionally been a benefit because of its education arm, much like other talking to businesses that are more and more trusted by healthcare organizations to assist them to navigate issues like taking care of an increasing quantity of uninsured when the Affordable Care Act is repealed.

The organization saw its internet earnings plummet within the third quarter to $685,000 on revenue of $183.a million, lower from $37.5 million in internet earnings on $200.5 million of revenue within the third quarter this past year.

Because of the financial pressures providers are facing as hospital admissions dip, reimbursement dwindles and much more difficult cost-cutting strategies like reducing clinical variation loom, there’s been more interest in services that deliver roi for the short term. Providers seek Advisory Board’s solutions surrounding revenue cycle, cost reduction and risk-adjusted reimbursement, while demand from customers has waned in areas new technology where return is much more hard to capture and decisionmaking is heavily impacted by the ever-altering regulatory atmosphere, Advisory Board executives stated.

The business slimmed lower its workforce by 220 employees and narrowed its services to counterbalance the financial headwinds. It’s focused its research on optimizing revenue cycle, health system growth and reducing variation and dropped topics including care management workflow and infection control analytics.

Analysts at Canaccord Genuity stated the transaction cost is fair since Advisory Board’s healthcare business underperformed during the last many years as the education arm has been doing relatively well.

Some critics have expressed concern the merger would skew the Advisory Board’s insights to profit Optum. But Advisory Board and Optum executives were quick to dismiss that notion.

“Delivering credible, objective and independent insight is an integral part in our model which will not change,” Musslewhite stated.

“You do not get the breadth and depth of the client portfolio (like Optum) unless of course you’re thoughtful and centered on the right security, confidentiality and rigor operating delivery models to make sure you are objective,” stated Eric Murphy, Chief executive officer of OptumInsight, Optum’s advisory talking to branch.

The organization continues to be exploring “proper alternatives” together with a potential purchase since 2016 and formally announced it had been shopping the Advisory Board around in Feb, not lengthy after activist hedge fund Elliott Management Corp. and related entities resulted in 8.3% of their shares.

“We felt that individuals business were on several investment and growth strategies,” Musslewhite stated. “Throughout 2016 and early 2017, we restructured our healthcare business which had slower revenue growth and faster our timeline in exploring proper alternatives. We felt sooner or later we wanted to possess each business make independent decisions instead of allocate capital together.Inch

The organization spent $7.8 million within the third quarter and $17.two million within the first nine several weeks of 2017 on merger expenses, based on the company’s third-quarter report.

Advisory Board shareholders approved the transaction combined with the executive compensation packages Wednesday. Because the deal removed, Musslewhite will get a $two million transaction bonus, Advisory Board Chief Legal Officer Evan Farber $a million, Advisory Board Chief Financial Officer Michael Kirshbaum $750,000 and Advisory Board President David Felsenthal $750,000.

Musslewhite and Cormac Miller, the Advisory Board’s chief product officer, will get a yearly base earnings of $700,000 and $360,000, correspondingly, a yearly short-term incentive comparable to 100% and 50% of base salary, correspondingly, and annual lengthy-term incentives comparable to $3.85 million and $785,000, correspondingly.

If the executives leave the organization, their golden parachutes would entail a money and equity package totaling $12.35 million for Musslewhite, $7.69 million for Felsenthal, $3.51 million for Advisory Board Chief Operating Officer Richard Schwartz, $3.31 million for Kirshbaum and $2.35 million for Miller.

Optum has generated a company that concentrates on operational efficiency and effectiveness—combining relevant insights around the provider side from the marketplace is an all natural fit, Optum’s Murphy stated.

“For that capacity and insight and expand it to health plans and existence sciences organizations and produce forth we’ve got the technology and managed services to capture what individuals insights mean on their behalf, you begin to affect the general healthcare ecosystem,” he stated.

40 % of medical professionals work when sick: Survey

New research shows that medical professionals (HCPs) should heed to their personal advice: stay at home when sick.

Some four in 10 HCPs work while experiencing influenza-like illness (ILI), according to findings published within the November issue of the American Journal of Infection Control (AJIC), the journal from the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC). As with all workplaces, contagious employees risk infecting others once they show up for work. However with greater concentrations of older patients and people with immunosuppression or severe chronic illnesses in healthcare facilities, ILI transmission by HCPs presents a grave public health risk.

4 in 10 healthcare professionals (HCPs) work while experiencing influenza-like illness (ILI) according to findings published in the American Journal of Infection Control/ APIC4 in 10 medical professionals (HCPs) work while experiencing influenza-like illness (ILI) based on findings printed within the American Journal of Infection Control/ APIC

“The statistics are alarming. A minumum of one earlier study has proven that patients who’re uncovered to some healthcare worker who’s sick are five occasions more prone to obtain a healthcare-connected infection,” stated lead investigator Sophia Chiu, MD, Miles per hour, CDC’s National Institute for Work-related Safe practices. “We recommend all healthcare facilities do something to aid and encourage their staff not to work while they’re sick.”

The annual study, conducted using a national paid survey, collected data from from 1,914 HCPs throughout the 2014-2015 influenza season. Respondents self-reported ILI, understood to be the mixture of the fever and cough or a sore throat, and listed factors that motivated these to show up for work.

Related: Infection control: Stethoscope hygiene failures can result in patient infections

Laptop computer assessed a number of health jobs across multiple institutions: physicians healthcare professionals and physician assistants nurses pharmacists assistants/aides other clinical HCP nonclinical HCPs and students. Four kinds of work settings were assessed: hospitals ambulatory care or physician offices lengthy-term care facilities or any other clinical settings.

One of the findings:

  • From the 1,914 HCPs surveyed, 414 reported ILI. Of those, 183–or 41.4 percent–reported employed by an average time period of 72 hours while experiencing influenza-like signs and symptoms.
  • Hospital-based HCPs had the greatest frequency of dealing with ILI (49.3 %), when compared with HCPs at lengthy-term care facilities (28.five percent). Clinical professional HCPs were probably the most likely to utilize ILI (44.3 %), with pharmacists (67.2 percent) and physicians (63.2 percent) among individuals using the greatest frequency.
  • In comparison, laptop computer discovered that assistants and aides (40.8 percent), nonclinical HCPs (40.4 %), healthcare professionalsOrdoctor assistants (37.9 %), along with other clinical HCPs (32.1 %) labored while sick.
  • The most typical causes of HCPs to opt from taking sick leave incorporated feeling that’sOrhe could still preform his/her job responsibilities not feeling “bad enough” to remain home feeling as though s/he weren’t contagious sensing an expert obligation to become gift for coworkers and difficulty locating a coworker to pay for for him/her. One of the HCPs who felt they might still preform their job responsibilities, 39. percent searched for medical assistance for his or her ILI signs and symptoms, as did 54. percent of individuals who didn’t think these were contagious. 49.8 percent of HCPs in lengthy-term care settings who reported for work when sick reported doing this simply because they couldn’t manage to lose the pay.
  • Formerly printed is a result of this survey described that just 77.3 % of respondents reported getting a flu shot. The U.S. Department of Health insurance and Human Services’ Healthy People 2020 aims to achieve a 90 % influenza vaccination rate for HCPs.
  • HCPs with self-reported ILI missed an average quantity of two work days. Of the cohort, 57.3 % visited a clinical provider for relief of symptoms 25.2 percent were advised they’d influenza. The Cdc and Prevention recommends that anybody with ILI wait 24-hrs following a fever breaks before coming back to operate.

“Patients’ health and wellness are on the line when contagious HCPs opt to not stay at home. Tailored strategies per occupation and health institution, including updating compensated sick leave policies, can empower HCPs to create healthy choices not just on their own, however for their coworkers and patients,” stated Linda Greene, RN, MPS, CIC, FAPIC, 2017 APIC president.

From 1976-2007, influenza-connected fatalities accounted for approximately 16.7 (ranged between 1.4 and 16.7) deaths per 100,000 individuals the U.S. Flu-related deaths predominantly impact individuals 65 many older. Influenza might be transmissible in one previous day, and as much as 7 days after, signs and symptoms onset.