Malaria ‘superbug’ spreads to Vietnam: ‘This could seriously jeopardize malaria elimination efforts’

A very drug resistant malaria “superbug” from western Cambodia has become contained in southern Vietnam, resulting in alarming failure rates for dihydroartemisinin (DHA)-piperaquine — Vietnam’s national first-line malaria treatment, leading malaria scientists warn.

Malaria life cycle/CDCMalaria existence cycle/CDC

Multiplication of the dominant artemisinin drug resistant P falciparum C580Y mutant malaria parasite lineage over the entire Mekong Sub-region is a serious threat to malaria control and eradication efforts, the scientists say in a letter printed last week in The Lancet Infectious Illnesses.

“A single mutant strain of very drug resistant malaria has spread from western Cambodia to north-eastern Thailand, southern Laos and into southern Vietnam and caused a sizable rise in treatment failure of patients with malaria,” states letter co-author Oxford Prof. Arjen Dondorp, Mind of Malaria and Deputy Mind from the Mahidol Oxford Tropical Medicine Research Unit (MORU) in Thailand, Asia.

“This could cause an essential rise in malaria transmission during these countries and seriously jeopardize their malaria elimination efforts,” stated Prof. Dondorp. “We hope this evidence will be employed to reemphasize the emergency of malaria elimination within the Mekong sub-region before falciparum malaria becomes near to untreatable.”

Multiplication of artemisinin resistance in Plasmodium falciparum and also the subsequent lack of partner antimalarial drugs within the Greater Mekong sub-region presents among the finest threats towards the control and removal of malaria, the letter authors say.

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“We are losing a harmful race. Multiplication of this malaria “superbug” is responsible for a truly alarming increase in treatment failures forcing alterations in drug policy and departing couple of options for future years,Inches stated stated letter co-author and Mahidol and Oxford University Prof Mister Nicholas White-colored. “We have to tackle this public health emergency urgently.”

Michael Chew from Wellcome’s Infection and Immunobiology team stated: “The spread of the malaria “superbug” strain, up against the best drug we’ve, is alarming and it has major implications for public health globally. Around 700,000 people annually die from drug-resistant infections, including malaria. If there is nothing done, this might increase to huge numbers of people each year by 2050. Efforts to assist track potential to deal with medicine is vital for improving diagnosis, treatment, and charge of drug resistant infections.”